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CIA World Fact Book,

  • Official Name: Republic of Rwanda
  • Government Type: Republic, multiparty system
  • Capital: Kigali
  • Other Major Cities/Regions: Gitarama, Butare, Cyangugu, Kibuye, Gisenyi, Ruhengeri
  • Size: 26,338 sq km
  • Climate: temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible
  • Terrain: mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east
  • Population: 9,907,000
  • Ethnic Groups: Hutu (Bantu) 84%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 15%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7% (2001)
  • Language: Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers