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CIA World Fact Book,

  • Official Name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Government Type: Republic
  • Capital: Nouakchott
  • Other Major Cities/Regions: Nouadhobou, Rosso, Nema, Keadi
  • Size: 1,030,700 sq km
  • Climate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
  • Terrain: mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills
  • Population: 3,270,000
  • Ethnic Groups: mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%
  • Religion: 100%muslim
  • Language: Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya, Wolof