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CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html,

  • Official Name: State of Eritrea
  • Government Type: Transitional Government
  • Capital: Asmara
  • Other Major Cities/Regions: 6 regions - Anseba, Debub, Debubawi K'eyih Bahri, Gash Barka, Ma'akel, Semenawi Keyih Bahri
  • Size: 121,320 sq km
  • Climate: hot, dry desert strip along the Red Sea Coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands; semiarid in western hills and lowlands
  • Terrain: dominated by extension of Ethiopian North-South trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains.
  • Population: 4,906,585
  • Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
  • Religion: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
  • Language: Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushtic Languages