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CIA World Fact Book,

  • Official Name: Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
  • Government Type: Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in practice, an authoritarian state
  • Capital: Tripoli
  • Other Major Cities/Regions: Ghadamis, Zuwara, Al khums, Misrata, Surt, Tobruk, Al Jawf
  • Size: 1,759,540 sqkm
  • Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
  • Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions
  • Population: 6,036,000
  • Ethnic Groups: Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)
  • Religion: Sunni muslim 97%, other 3%
  • Languages: Arabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities